Anatomy

Question Answer
The study of structures in the body Anatomy
The study of functions in the body Physiology
What tells the body to make more RBC EPO
System that includes hair skin and nails Integumentary
What system forms external covering, protects deep tissues, makes vit D, site of receptors Integumentary
What system includes skull, sternum, ribs, cartilage, vertebrae, sacrum, bones, pelvis Skeletal
Which system protects and supports organs, provides framework , blood cells form in bones, stores minerals, fat,& Calcium Skeletal
What system includes appendicular/ axial muscles , tendons Muscular
What system allows manipulation of environment , locomotion , facial expressions, posture, & produces heat Muscular
Where is smooth muscle found Gi track & blood vessels
What system is central/ peripheral and includes brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves Nervous
Fast acting control center and responds to external and internal changes Nervous
Which glad controls metabolism Endocrine
Produces melatonin Pineal gland
Which two systems is the pancreas in Digestive and endocrine
What carries the urine to kidneys to bladder Ureter
Carries urine to bladder to outside Urethra
What is in the anterior of the mediastinum Thymus and lymph nodes
What is in the middle of the mediastinum Heart , pericardium, great vessels ,& trachea
What is in the posterior of the mediastinum Esophagus and descending aorta
6 characteristics of human body Metabolism, responsiveness, movement, growth , differentiation, reproduction
Chemical reaction that breaks down Catabolism
Synthetic that requires energy to build up Anabolism
Increasing of cells numbers Hyperplasia
Increase the size of cells Hypertrophy
Another word for RBC Erythrocytes
Another word for WBC Leukocyte
What fluid is in the cells Intra cellular
Fluid between the cells Interstitial
Fluid in blood vessels Intra vascular
What are the 4 major elements that is 96% in our body Oxygen , hydrogen, carbon , nitrogen
8 minor elements and 3.6% in our body Calcium , phosphorus, sulfur, sodium, potassium, chloride , magnesium,& iron
Trace element .4% and 2 important ones are? Florine and iodine (massive element ) 53 electrons
What is at the end of hemoglobin Iron
What will form a bond or break a bond Chemical reaction/ metabolism
What is the forms of energy and how is it formed Potential stores by matter . Kinetic movement Chemical stores by bonds of molecules
What is a catalysts A substance which speeds up a reaction and decreases the amount of activation to start the reaction.
Biological catalysts Enzymes
Losing electron and releases energy Oxidation
Gain of electron and gains energy Reduction
Dissolves easily in water and contains polar covalent bond Hydrophilic
Contains non polar covalent bonds and does not mix well in water Hydrophobic
Water is added to break bond Hydrolysis
Water is removed to make bonds Dehydration
Placing a solute into a solvent (water) and changing the characteristics Colloid
Dissociates into 1 or more hydrogen ions + and more anions Acid
Ph is blow 7 ? Ph above 7 ? Below acidity Above alkaline
What places in important role of pH homeostasis Kidneys
What has the most widest range of pH value Urine
What helps to regulate pH by converting strong acids or bases in two week acid or bases Buffer system
What's another word for alcohol Hydroxyl
What is THIOLS & is important when we are making proteins and it is hydrophilic Sulfhydryl
What is carboxylic Carboxyl
What is aldehydes, ketoners , it's polar and hydrophilic Carbonyl
Is the large molecule formed by the covalent bond Inc. of many identical or similar small building blocks Monomers
Forms the genetic code in the nuclei of body cells and it regulates most of the cells activities DNA also called deoxyribose
Gods proteins formation Ariane also known as ribose
A major carbohydrate that includes glucose fructose Galactose deoxyribose and ribose Monosaccharides
Include sucrose = glucose + fructose Lactose is glucose + galactose Maltose glucose= glucose Disaccharide
Includes glycogen starch cellulose Polysaccharide
What is needed for vitamin a Carotenes
To make blood clotting proteins Vitamin K
Major lipid component of cell membrane Phospholipids
The following describes the primary division of the nervous system Central and peripheral
Which turned to find a group of tissues that work together to perform a particular function Organ
Divides the body into an equal right and left Parasagittal
Divides body into ventral and dorsal Coronal or frontal
What is used to make thyroid hormones Iodine
Which type of chemical bond involves the sharing of valence electrons Covalent
When an atom gains or loses one or more electrons through its interactions with other Atoms Ions
The number of protons in an atom is represented by Atomic number
The two systems that regulate homeostasis sre Nervous and Endocrine
What cavity contains the heart Pericardial cavity
The pericardial cavities located inside the Mediastinum
Which organ contains control center for the feedback system that regulates blood pressure The brain
Which of the following is the structure which will detect a change in blood pressure Baroreceptor
The pancreas in the liver both belong to which of those systems Digestive
what is a contractile protein actin
What is it called when it's positively charge atom Cation
A bond between electronegative atom and delta positive share a pair of electrons Polar Covalent bond
The simplest amino acid has which of the following as it chain Hydrogen
The monomers of proteins are known as Amino acid

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