AP GEO CH 5 Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Rubenstein Ch 5

Term Definition
creole A language that results from the mixing of the colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
Denglish A combination of German and English
dialect A regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Ebonics A dialect spoken by some African Americans
extinct language A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used
Franglais A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; the French words for French and English, respectively
isogloss A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
isolated language A language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family
language A system of communication through speech, a collection of sounds that a group of people understand to have the same meaning
language branch A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago, derived within a language family
language family A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed long before recorded history
language group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
literary tradition A language that is written as well as spoken
logogram A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound
official language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communication among speakers of two different languages
Received Pronunciation (RP) The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom
Spanglish A combination of Spanish and English spoken by Hispanic Americans
standard language The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communication
Vulgar Latin A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans

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