Biology test 7

Question Answer
Converts glucose into ATP Mitochondria
Contains Nucleic acids and controls the protein synthesis of the cell Nucleus
Storage structure in plant cells which contains water and ions Vacuole
Found in plants and is composed of cellulose. Functions to support cell. Cell wall
Manufactures proteins Ribosomes
Contains digestive enzymes Lysosomes
Tunnels which transport proteins Endoplasmic reticulum
Structures found in plants which trap sunlight energy in glucose Chloroplast
Packages, modifies, and secretes proteins Golgi apparatus
Jelly like fluid which surrounds and supports the cells organelles Cytoplasm
Regulates transport into cell Cell membrane
Assist in cell division Centriole
What are the three steps of protein synthesis? The ribosomes get their info from the nucleolus, then they make proteins, then the proteins go to the rough ER
The rough ER is: An intracellular double membrane system to which ribosomes are attached
What structure is common to all cells? Cell membrane
When a large portion of a cells ribosomes are attached to the ER, it is a sign that the cell is specialized to: Manufacture proteins for export
The genetic material of a eukaryote is located in the Nucleus
Which structure is composed mainly of proteins and lipids, aids in maintaining homeostasis in the cell? Nucleolus
The organelle most directly involved in cellular aerobic respiration is the Mitochondria
The support of a plant cell is due primarily to the presence of the Cell wall
The organelle most closely associated with the manufacture of proteins within the cell is the Ribosome
The cells primary site of ATP production is the Mitochondria
Which cell parts are only found in pant cells? Chloroplast and cell wall
Site of protein synthesis (where proteins are made) Ribosomes
Aids animal cells in their cellular division (mitosis) Centriole
Storage compartment in a cell Vacuole
What organelle is correctly matched with its product? Nucleolus-ribosome
What does a cell membrane look like? Thin and flexible
Transport proteins contribute to Selective permeability of the cell membrane
Where is a prokaryotes DNA stored? The nucleoid region
What does a prokaryote contain? No organelles besides ribosomes, they are unicellular, bacteria, no nucleus, nucleoid region,
What's does a eukaryotes do/contain? Organelles, unicellular and multicellular (mostly multi), nucleus, fungi, animals, and humans
What is a phospholipid made of? 2 fatty acid tails and a glycerol head
What are the fatty acid tails? Hydrophobic (hates water) and nonpolar
What is the glycerol head? Hydrophilic (loves water) and polar
What is a phospholipid bilayer (cell membrane structure)? 2 layers phospholipids facing tail to tail. The top layer is extracellular and the bottom is intercellular
What are the 3 cell theories? All living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things, new cells are produced from living cells.

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