CH 13

Term Definition
Charlemagne King of France, also crowned emperor of the roman People in 800
Papal States region in central italy by the pope
counts officials chosen by Charlemagne to rule part of his empire in his name
navigation planning a course of travel, such as the Vikings crossing the sea
sagas long Iceland stories about great heroes and events
Leif Erikson vikings who led settlers to the Eastern shores of what is now Canada
knights skilled soldiers who fought on horseback
fief land given to a knight in exchange for his services
vassal a person who accepts a fief from a lord
feudal system political and social system of exchanging land for services
fealty knight's loyal to the lord who gives him land
manorial system economic system built around large estates called manors
serfs people who are legally tied to the manor on which they worked
alfred the great first king of of united england and who drove out the vikings
william the conqueror duke of normandy, conquered england in 1066
domesday book record of williams survey of england's people and their property
elenor of aquitaine powerful French duchess; divorced the king of france to marry Henry ll of england, and ruled all of england and half of france
magna carta document the restricted the king of england's power
parliament governing body that was the result of of the king's council in the 1260s and which still makes england laws today
hugh capet first ruler from the capetian dynasty that ruled and expanded france
otto the great saxon duke who became emperor of the Holy Roman Emperor in the early 900s
reconquista Christian leaders effort to retake the iberian peninsula from the Moors
piety person's level of devolution to religion
pope gregory vi p pope who was excommunicated Henry IV, showing that a pope could stand up to the emperor
pontificate term of office of a particular pope
Henry lV Holy Roman Emperor who clashed with Pope Gregory VII in 1075

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