Civics Final

Term Definition
13th Amendment Abolishes slavery
14th Amendment All person born in the United States are considered U.S. citizen allowed you ti be native
15th Amendment Right to vote regardless of race, colour, or previous condition of servitude
19th Amendment Aloud women to vote any where in the United States
22nd Amendment 2 terms for each person elected for President
25th Amendment Line of succession for the president/government
Rights of Legal Immigrants Same protection as U.S. citizens under the Bill of Rights, may own homes, use public facilities, hold jobs, must pay taxes, obey laws, and be loyal to the governemt
Caucuses Closed door meetings with that party's candidates
Checks and Balances Two out of three of the branches check each other to not let one of the branches get too much power
Chief Diplomat Establish relationships with other countries
Chief Executive Enforce the laws
Chief Legislator Make recommendations to congress
Chief of State Acts like the host
City where The Declaration of Independence was written Philadelphia, PA
Closed Primaray Members must declare party and only limited to vote only in their party
Commander in Chief Finalize authority of military
Date of the Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776
Democracy System of government in which supreme authority rests with the people
Disqualifications for Voting Each state has the right to vote determine who is disqualified from voting
Elastic Clause Give congress the power to create laws that are necessary and proper to do its job
Electoral College Elects Presidents
Executive branch powers Diplomatic, Military, Judicial, and Legislative
Federal Supreme Corut Highest court in the land. No cases can't go further than this court.
Federalism Powers shared between the national govt and the states govt.
General Assembly State Congress
How a bill becomes a law Pt. 1 A bill starts as an idea, that idea becomes a bill when a legislator writes it and puts it in a box for Congress to look at it a few times a year. Congress votes on the bill twice, through the House of Representatives and Senate. If approved yes for-
How a bill becomes a law Pt 2 -the bill then it is sent up to the president. the president can either sign the bill, veto it, or let it set for 10 day. If vetoed, congress can pass the bill on a 2/3 vote. If set for 10 day, it automatically becomes a bill.
Impeachment To bring about charges on an elected official
Interest Groups Private organization that tries to persuade public officials
Judicial branch powers Impeachment and declare if actions of the executive or legislative branches are unconstitutional
Judicial Review The authority to examine the actions of the Legislative and Executive branches to ensure they are constitutional
Laws for Voting Must be 18 and native born
Governor roles/powers Creates budgets, gives the State of the State Address, grants pardons, commands the national guard
Legislative branch powers Declare war, regulate money, Elastic clause, Impeach, and create lower fed. courts
Limited Government
Line of Succession Vice President, Speaker of the House, President Pro Temp, Secretary of State, etc.
Magistrate First level of PA's Judicial System
Mayors and Councils Leads boroughs and are elected for four years
Naturalization legal process by which a person becomes a citizen who is not born in the United States
New Jersey Plan
Original Jurisdiction where the case is first heard
Pa. Supreme Court Highest court in the state. No cases can't go further than this court.
Party Symbols Democrats Republicans Donkeys Elephants
Political Spectrum
Polling Place A place to cast your vote
Population's role in Congress The House of Representatives are made up of states population
Powers of Congress Tax, borrow money,regulate trade, coin money, est. post offices and roads, declare war, create and maintain the military, create fed. courts, impeach fed. officials
Powers of Local Government Police/Fire/Ambulance, zoning, schools, promote local trade, set ordinances and curfews, create recreations and county parks, assess properties for tax purposes
President of the Senate Vice president is given this position by the Constitution.
President Qualifications 35 years of age, 14 years of residency, and native born
Presidential powers Form treaties, commissions military officers, pardon crimes, recommend laws.
Primaries Each party selects one candidate that will represent their party, they don't win the right to hold office.
Purpose of the Article of Confederation To create a national goverment
Purpose of Constitution To fix the wrongs in the Articles of Confederation
Purpose of Declaration of Independence To break away from Great Britain
Purpose of the Legislative Branch To create laws for the land
Ratification of the Constitution
Representative Democracy small group of persons chosen by the people to act as their representatives expresses the popular will.
Rights of Accused
Separation of Powers
Speaker of the House Keeps order within the house and steer legislation
State of the Union
Supremacy Clause The constitution is the SUPREME LAW of the law
The Entire Preamble of the Constitution …establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Voter Motor Act Voters to register when you get your license or renew your license
Voting Regulations
Ways to Lose Citizenship Treason, vote/ serve in a foreign country, desert from the military, renounce your citizenship, punished for a crime
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation Not enough national power, no money was gaining for the federal government, states wasn't together.
What did the Articles of Confederation did Set basic government boundaries
Writer of the Articles of Confederation Thomas Jefferson

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