Davis: Fig Lang 2 fig lang terms, definitions and examples

Term Definition
simile comparing two different things, based on some shared trait, behavior or characteristics, using the words 'like' or 'as'
simile "summer light is halved like a tomato / its juice runs through the streets"
simile not a simple description, like "The trash smells like fish" or an interjection, "That was, like, crazy."
simile "her smile, bright as a clear moon on a dark night, lit up the room"
alliteration the pattern of repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of a word
alliteration /d/- "Hopeless drops droop from his droopy lips"
alliteration /w/- "Our hair was shoulder length / wild when the wind picked up…"
allusion a reference to a historical or literary person, place thing or event that shows up in a text
allusion "There is a woman on our block who thinks she is feeding bunnies, but they are large rats without tails. Remember the farmer’s wife? Remember the carving knife? We are all trying to changewhat we fear into something beautiful."
allusion "Then leaf subsides to leaf. So Eden sank to grief, so dawn goes down to day."
assonance the pattern of repeating a vowel sound at the beginning, middle or end of words
assonance /ee/- "the wheeler-dealer who buys and sells land"
assonance /ay/- "…can't come out to play / sleeps in his room all day / who used to laugh like the letter k…"
consonance the pattern of repeating consonant sounds in the middle and at the end of words
consonance /w/- "the heavy sun wanders westward / on yellow circus wagons"
hyperbole a heightened exaggeration to create emphasis, humor or other emotion
hyperbole "The Moose turns dragging half the lake out after him"
metaphor comparing two different things, based on some shared trait, behavior or characteristics… but without using the words 'like' or 'as'
metaphor can be indirect or vague, like "He tries to think, / leaning his huge weight / on the lectern of his legs"
metaphor can be direct or explicit, like "you are a four pronged magic wand, / waving… in all directions at once"
metaphor "his shoes, twin pets / that snuggle his toes"
personification giving an inhuman object, animal or thing human qualities, emotions and intentions
personification "the tomato invades the kitchen / it enters at lunchtime"
personification "in the town's graveyard / the oldest plot now frees itself of sorrow"
imagery words or phrases that tap into vivid sensory experiences, appealing to our senses of touch, taste, hearing, smell and sight
imagery "Horseback on Sunday morning, / harvest over, we taste persimmon and wild grape / sharp sweet tang of summer's end"
allusion "my twelve year old daughter… strokes Aztec Blue shadow on her eyelids / peers into the mirror mirror on the wall"
idiom an expression that people within a culture understand figuratively, not literally (because it wouldn't make sense); "The words are on the tip of my tongue."
idiom It cost me an arm and a leg to score those Imagine Dragons tickets!
idiom When my friend wanted to cheat off me, I was between a rock and a hard place.
idiom It really burns me up when people aren't grateful for what they have!

You May Also Like

About the Author: admin