Final Review Political Process

Term Definition
13th Amendment Abolish slavery
14th Amendment Equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment Prohibits denying a citizen the right to vote because of race/color
22nd Amendment Limits presidential terms
25th Amendment Allows vice president to serve when the president can not. Succession
Caucuses Legislative meeting with members who belong to a particular party
Chief Executive President enforcing laws
Chief Legislator President recommending laws
Closed Primary Limited registered party members
Democracy Elected representatives by a population to serve a system of government
Elastic Clause Grants congress the power to pass laws necessary for carrying out
Federal Supreme Cout Highest court of the land
Federalism Principal or system of government
Governor Roles/Powers Carry out laws (Chief Executive), inform citizens during emergencies (Chief Public Relations officer), obtain grants for federal government and cooperate with other states (Chief Diplomat)
Interest Groups Private organization that tries to persuade public officials
Judicial Branch Powers Interpret the constitution. Judicial review
Legislative Branch Powers Make the laws and impeachment
Limited Government Where government power is restricted by the law
Mayor and Councils Borough leaders elected to 4 year terms
Naturalization The process of becoming a US citizen
New Jersey Plan Each state have 1 vote in congress, instead of population deciding the number
Original Jurisdiction Hear a case for the first time instead of a higher court reviewing the lower courts decision
Pa. Supreme Court 7 justices elected to 10 year terms
Population's Role in Congress Amount of people represented from a district
Powers of Congress Collect taxes, provide the common defense
Powers of Local Government Hold the police force, create roads, and set curfews and ordinances
President of the Senate Vice President or President Pro Temp
Primaries Secret ballot for voters to their preferred candidate
Purpose of the Legislative Branch Make new laws or change existing laws
Ratification of the Constitution At least 9 out of 13 states needed to sign the constitution for it to become effective
Representative Democracy Elected official representing a group of people
Separation of Powers Parting the branches of government so one can't overrule the other
Speaker of the House Officer within the House of Representatives
State of the Union Yearly speech to congress from the president about the plans for state of the nation and plans for legislation
Supremacy Clause
The Entire Preamble to the Constitution
Voter Motor Act

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