Fresh water

Term Definition
Water cycle The continuous movement of water between the atmosphere the land
Infiltration The process by which water on the ground surface enter the soil
Evaporation The process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas or water vapor
Condensation The process which water vapor changes back to a liquid. Responsible of forming clouds
Transportation The process by which moisture is carried through plants from roots to small pores on the underside of leaves where it changes to vapor and is relesaes to the atmophere
Precipitation Water from clouds in the form rain freezing rain sleet snow or hail
Ground water
Water table The upper surface of underground water. The upper boundary of the zone of saturation. The boundary between the zone of aeration and the zone of saturation
The water that continues downward through the soil until it reaches rock material that is saturated water under the surface
Runoff Precipitation that flows over land into streams and rivers. This water later enters the oceans
Artesian well A well in which water is under pressure especially one in which the water flowed to the surface naturally.
Aquifer A body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.
Springs The results of an aquifer being filled to the point that the water overflow onto the land surface.
Zone of aeration
The zone nearest to the surface were gaps between soil are filled with both air and water
Zone of saturation Below the zone of aeration where the gaps are filled with water
Permeable Ability of a substance to allow another substance to allow another substance to pass through it especially the ability of a porous rock sediment or soil to transmit fluid through pores and cracks
Non permeable A substance does not have the ability to allow another substance to pass through it
Porosity Quality of being porous or full of tiny holes allow water to pass through it

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