Fresh water

Term Definition
Water cycle The continuous movement of water between the asthenosphere, the land, and the ocean
Infiltration The process by which water on the ground surface enters the soil
Evaporation The process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas or vapor
Condensation The process by which water vapor changes back to liquid. Responsible of forming clouds. The opposite of evaporation
Transpiration
The process by which moisture is carried through plants from roots to small pores on the underside of leaves, where it changes to vapor and is released to the atmosphere
Precipitation Water released from clouds in the form of rain, freezing rain, sleet, and snow
Groundwater The part that continues downward through the soil until it reaches rock material that is saturated water under the surface
Water table The upper surface of groundwater, the upper boundary of the zone of saturation. The boundary between the zone of aeration and the zone of saturation
Run off Precipitation that flows over land into streams and rivers, this water later enters the oceans
Artesian well A well in which water is under pressure; especially one in which the water flows to the surface naturally
Aquifer A body of pemerable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater
Springs The result of an aquifer being filled to the point that the water over flows onto the land surface
Zone of aeration The zone nearest to the surface where gaps between soil are filled with both air and water.
Zone of saturation Below the zone of aeration where the gaps are filled with water.
Permeable Ability of a substance to pass through it especially the ability of a porous rock, sediment, or soil to transmit fluid through pores and crack
Non-permeable A substance doesna??t have the ability to allow another substance to pass through it
Porosity Quality of being porous, or full of tiny holes. Allow water to pass through it.

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