Fresh Water

Term Definition
Water Cycle The continuous movement of water between the atmosphere, the land, and the oceans
Infiltration The process by which water on the ground surface enters the soil
Evaporation The process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas or vapor
The process by which water vapor changes back to a liquid. Responsible of forming clouds. Opposite of evaporation
Transpiration The process by which moisture is carried through plants from roots to small pores on the underside of leaves, where it changes to vapor and is released to the atmosphere
Precipitation Water released from clouds in the form of rain, freezing rain, sleet, snow or hail
Groundwater The part that continues downward through the soil until it reaches rock material that is saturated. Water under the surface.
Water table The upper surface of groundwater; the upper boundary of the zone of saturation. The boundary between the zone of aeration and the zone of saturation
Precipitation that flows over land into streams and rivers. This water later enters the oceans.
Artesian Well A well in which water is under pressure; especially one in which the water flows to the surface naturally
Aquifer A body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater
Springs The result of an aquifer to the point that the water overflows onto the land surface.
Zone saturation

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