Landform Definitions Landforms

Term Definition
Stream A small running body of water flowing on earth.
Delta land areas that are formed at the mouth or end of a river as the minerals and soil the river carries are deposited.
Floodplain areas along streams or rivers that are likely to experience repeated flooding.
Hill A naturally raised area of land, not as high as a mountain. Can beformed by build-up
Mountain Landforms that rise well above the land arehigher and steeper than hills; Most are formed from movements in the earth’s crust.
Valley A low area of land between hills ormountains, typically with a river or stream flowing through it.
Sinkhole A hole that suddenly opens up in the ground.
Cave A cave is an underground cavity that is formed by rock that has been dissolved by water.
Canyon It is a steep gorge with high sides and deepened by wind and water erosion; formed through erosion or sometimes through movement of the earth’s plates.
Glacier large sheets of ice that are able to move downhill or along a body of water.
Dune A mound or ridge of sand or other loose sediment formed bythe wind
Spring A place on the earth’s surface where water naturally emerges. it is forced out of the ground by natural pressure.
Volcano A mountain that opens downward into a molten rock below theEarth’s crust. When pressure builds up, aneruption takes place
Island A piece of land surrounded by water.

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