marine vocab

the weather conditions prevail climate
continuous, directed movement of seawater generated by forces acting upon this mean flow, such as breaking waves, wind, the Coriolis effect, cabbeling, temperature and salinity differences, while tides are caused by the pull of the Sun and Moon. ocean currents
moved primarily by winds that blow in certain patterns because of the Earth's spin and the Coriolis Effect. surface currents
effect where a mass moving in a rotating system experiences a force acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and to the axis of rotation. The effect moves objects to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern coriolis effect
dominant prevailing wind patterns that blow in a fairly constant, steady direction across our earth. They are comprised of three prevailing winds: Tradewinds, Westerlies, and Polar Easterlies global winds
When water building up or changing direction occurs near a very large land mass, or continent continental deflection
driven by density and temperature gradients. These currents, called submarine rivers, flow under the surface of the ocean and are hidden from immediate detection. deep currents
A warm ocean current of the northern Atlantic Ocean off eastern North America. It originates in the Gulf of Mexico and, as the Florida Current, passes through the Straits of Florida and then flows northward along the southeast coast of the United State gulf stream
dry, cold prevailing winds that blow from the high-pressure areas of the polar highs at the North and South Poles towards low-pressure areas within the Westerlies at high latitudes. … When air moves near the poles, cold temperatures shrink the air. prevailing easterlies
prevailing winds from the west toward the east in the middle latitudes between 30 and 60 degrees latitude. They originate from the high-pressure areas and tend towards the poles and steer extratropical cyclones in this general manner. prevailing westerlies
are the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth's equator. tradewinds
an equatorial region of the Atlantic Ocean with calms, sudden storms, and light unpredictable winds. doldrums
a rising of seawater, magma, or other liquid. upwelling
the part of the Earth's surface between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn; characterized by a hot climate tropical zone
The polar regions of Earth, also known as Earth's frigid zones, are the regions of Earth surrounding its geographical poles. polar zone
an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°. Equator
Wind direction is measured in degrees clockwise from due north and so a wind coming from the south has a wind direction of 180 degrees; one from the east is 90 degrees. clockwise ( in relation to wind relation )
winds spiral towards the center of a hurricane in a counterclockwise direction in the Northern Hemisphere and in a clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere counterclockwise ( in relation to wind direction )
refers to the large-scale ocean-atmosphere climate interaction linked to a periodic warming in sea surface temperatures across the central and east-central Equatorial Pacific. El Nino
La Nina episodes represent periods of below-average sea surface temperatures across the east-central Equatorial Pacific. La Nina

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