Renaissance Notes Renaissance Notes from 11/14/17

Question Answer
what was the way of life in which all lives revolved around before the renaissance? the church
where did the renaissance begin? during the renaissance was life secular or religious? what did people focus on more now? in italy, in italian cities that had urban societies and major trading centers; moved away from church life to secular; focused on things like material objects and enjoying life
what does the renaissance literally mean? what was europe recovering from? rebirth; dark ages and the plague
what did people lose thier faith in and where did they put more of their focus on? the church; on human beings
the crusades helped contribute to the renaissance by increased demand of products from in which this demand stimulated ______? the crusades helped encourage the use of what in terms of finances? from middle east stimulating trade; credit and banking
what did the church rule against the usury of and why? credit and banking bc it helped secularize northern italy making people start drifting more and more away from the church and more towards secular matters
these served to expand the supply of money and exepedite trade letters of credit
why did banks have to charge interest? bc they were a buisness and had to make money some how
what numerals were used when new accounting and bookkeeping practices were introduced? arabic numerals
since italy failed to become united many what emerged in northern and central italy that played an important role in italian _________ and ___________. independent city-states; politics and art
one of the major italian cities in which is one of the richest cities and controls trade through the alps milan
one of the major italian cities in which sits on the Adriatic and attracts trade from all over the world venice
one of the major italian cities in which is controlled by the De Medici family who became great patrons of the arts florence
one of the major italian cities in which had access to trade routes genoa
what did all of the major italian cities have in common in terms of trade and government? (3) 1. had access to trade routes connecting europe with middle eastern markets 2. served as trading centers for the distribution of goods to northern europe 3. were initially independent city-states governed as republics
since late 1200s florence had what government? during the renaissance who held power and what was the "family buisness" republican; Medici Family, banking
was one of wealthiest european during the time and when he died his family kept power cosimo de medici
this person of the medici family ruled like a dictator lorenzo the magnificent (the same dude who built a bridge so his diva girl wouldnt have to walk on peasant streets on day of wedding
what did prince machiavelli believe about men that men are "ungrateful, fickle, liars, and decievers, they shun danger and are greedy for profit"
why did machiavelli believe he had to have absolute power bc people are evil by nature and are therefore needed to be ruled over
what did machiavelli produce from observing city-state rulers of his day? guidelines for the acquisition and maintainance of power by absolute rule
what did machiavelli believe a ruler should be willing to do and why? anything to maintain control without worrying about conscience
machiavelli believed its better for a ruler to be _____________ than loved; he also believed rulers should be ____________ and _______________ in decision making feared; quick and decisive
how does machiavelli believe ruler keeps power? what does he say that "justifies" this belief? by any means necessary; that if you need to be evil to justify a good ending then be evil (the end justifies the means)… be good when possible and be evil when necessary
in what ways were new ideas reflected during the renaissance? arts, philosophy, and literature
how did patrons become wealthy and what did they sponsor? from newly expanded trade; works which glorified city-states in northern italy
what became increasingly secular during the renaissance? education
what did medieval art focus on? what did renaissance art focus on? the church and salvation; individuals and worldly matters, along with christianity
renaissance artists incorporated ideals of what two groups of people in their art? romans and greece
this person painted themselves into every painting raphael
what did renaissance artists want their subjects to be and focus on? realistic and focus on humanity and emotion
this was a new technique that emerged in which painting done on wet plaster became popular bc it gave depth to the paintings frescos
what did sculpture emphasize realism and the human form
this person was born in 1475 in a small town newar florence and is considered to be one of the most inspired men who ever lived michelangelo
after michelangalo's david what now famous project did pope julius II summon him to do? to come to rome to work on the ceiling of the sistine chapel
this person lived from 1452-1519 who was a paitner, scultptor, architect, and engineer; this person was so academically advanced that they study the human body in detail by doing disections of the individual body parts with doctors (musles and stuff) leonardo di vinci
celebrated the individual, stimulated the study of greek and roman literature and culture, and was supported by wealthy patrons humanism
this person assembled greek and roman writings who wrote "sonnets to laura" in which were love poems in the vernacular meaning everyone could read them and not just the wealthy upperclass) frencesco patrarch
northern renaissance thinksers merged humanist ideas with? what made this possible? what helped to spread ideas? christianity; movable type printing press and the production and sale of books; guttenberg bible
what was the only thing that made it possible for the commenors to read the bible? guttenbergs printing press and his guttenberg bible
this person wrote "the praise of folly" in 1511 erasmus
what did sir thomas more write in 1516 "utopia"
northern renaissance artists portrayed r_______ and ________ subjects religious and secular
what can be gretaly arrtibuted to johannes gutenberg and why literature bc he printed the first book produced by using moevable type (the bible)
dutch humanist who pushed for vernacular form of the bible; this person used humor to show the immortal and ignorant behavior of people during the clergy erasmus
english himanist who wrote a book about a perfect society sir thomas more
what did sir thomas more believe to be utopia? men and women live in harmony having no private property; no one is lazy everyone is educated and the justice system is used to end crime instead of executing criminals

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