Unit 3 Vocabulary

Term Definition
Constituents People in congressional districts
Redistricting The process of redrawing the boundaries ofdistricts
Joint Sessions When senators and representatives meettogether. Usually for the President’s State of the Union Address.
Standing Committee Permanent committee that specializes in aparticular topic.
Bill A proposed law
President Pro-Tempore President of the senate for the time being.This happens when the Vice President is absent.
Speaker of the House Leader of the House of Representatives.
Conference Committee A joint committee that helps members in theSenate and the House of Representatives work together.
Vice President Leader of the Senate. This person votes in theSenate in case of a tie.
Majority Party The party with the most members inCongress.
Minority Party The party with fewer members
Interest Groups Groups of people who work together forsimilar interests or goals
Bicameral A two house legislature House of Representatives (Population) + Senate(Equality) = Congress
Expressed Powers Powers listed in Article 1 of the Constitution.
Explusion To force a member of Congress to leavebecause of wrong doing or dishonesty.
Appropriations Funds (Money) for specific use.
Reapportionment The redistribution of legislative seats (HR)according to population. (Occurs after the census)
Lobbyists People who represent interest groups
Checks and Balances A system in which each branch of governmentis able to limit the powers of the other two
Filibuster Freedom by Senators to kill a bill bycontinuously talking until the bill is withdrawn.
Cloture This limits a Senator to debate for no morethan on hour. For it to be used, 60 Senatorsmust vote for it. It stops a filibuster.
Census A process for counting a nation’s population.US census is completed every 10 years.
Implied Powers A power not expressly named in theConstitution
Legislative Branch The Branch of government that makes laws
Impeach To accuse an official of wrong doing.

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